MONTEPULCIANO – 33km/45min. driving
At 605 meters above sea level, Montepulciano is located in between the Val di Chiana and Val d’Orcia, in the province of Siena.Of ancient and long history, Montepulciano has origins from the Etruscans from the fourth century BC. It has notoriety for its wealth of excellent vineyards, which produce the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG.
The most frequent image is that of a landscape graced by the clever man that is in harmony with the natural environment. The town develops between the urban center rich in history, works of art and a beautiful agricultural landscape consists of rolling hills covered in olive trees and vineyards.
The town has medieval features in the shape of “S” and is enclosed within three circles of walls, all built to the fourteenth century.The city of Montepulciano has a past linked partially in been at the intersection of two roads of regional importance (from south to north from Chiusi to Arezzo, and Vald’Orcia the Valdichiana and Trasimeno from east to west) and partially to its strategic location at the boundary of the area of influence of various potentates citizens down medieval (Orvieto, Perugia, Siena, Florence).
This has meant that in the early centuries of the second millennium has developed wealth and power so remarkable, to the point of becoming coveted prey and gain an appreciable autonomy selling well its alliance with the major cities in perpetual conflict between themselves.
The city has a particular structure: built along a ridge line from the top down, it currently has a main central street about a kilometer and a half, which, starting from Porta al Prato leads, with a height of 50-60 meters, to the Piazza Grande: the houses are organized around the course and a series of short and narrow streets, often steep and it more or less perpendicular.